Recent advances in neuroscience bring vital learnings for leaders to understand and apply to their work. The brain’s inherent negativity bias has direct implications for the way a manager gives and receives appreciative comments. With the average attention span of an adult now at eight seconds, people are also more distractible today than ever. (In comparison, the average attention span of a goldfish is nine seconds. We’re losing to goldfish!) We also need to recognize when we’re in reactive, fight-or-flight mode. By honing our metacognitive abilities, we can direct our minds toward higher, productive thinking.